The development of mobile applications using web technologies has revolutionized the mobile development market. This is because this type of technology allows you to take advantage of the best features of native development, in addition to all the power and facilities offered by web technology.
Hybrid technology was born to reduce costs, time and facilitate the learning and development of mobile applications , also providing the possibility of creating websites with these developments. For this reason, we could say that this type of application is totally multiplatform (Mobile, Tablet, Computer, TV…). With the development of a single code we can generate applications for the desired platforms. In the case of mobile, for Android and iOS.
hybrid mobile app development has a much smoother learning curve than native development. For native development, it is required to have knowledge of programming languages such as Java / Kotlin / XML for Android, and Swift / Objective-C for iOS, in addition to the specific tools and features of each platform. This implies higher costs by having to have specific personnel for Android and iOS, an increase in development time and having to coordinate the design so that it is as similar as possible on both platforms.
Depending on the project, it will be necessary to assess the creation of a native or hybrid development, as well as the type of technologies and resources required by the project. Hybrid mobile app Native development provides complete integration with the operating system and, in terms of power, it is usually more powerful at the cost of more costs, time, possible errors, etc.
After this short generic introduction to some of the differences between native apps and hybrid apps, we are now going to briefly review the most famous frameworks for hybrid mobile app development; those with the greatest support and development from the community. Most of these hybrid app frameworks below use Cordova or PhoneGap to generate the apps.
It is always a good option for hybrid application interface development, but it will surely be necessary to use another series of libraries or plugins to improve its design or functionalities, since it does not contain a design designed according to the design standards of current mobile platforms.
It is one of the most famous frameworks for hybrid application development. In its beginnings, Ionic used the AngujarJS framework and PhoneGap for the part of integration with mobile platforms. However, in its latest versions (currently its latest version is Ionic 4) it has been incorporating new Front-End frameworks with which to develop. Currently it allows its development with the most famous: Angular, React, Vue.JS.
Ionic integrates a layout layer with css styles and resources like icons etc. These styles can be adapted to the design standards of the Android and iOS platforms. Another of its many advantages is that Ionic has its own development IDE that will make it easier for us to design and program applications.
In 2018, the company Airbnb was forced to cancel a project that it had been developing for 2 years with React Native because this framework is not mature for large-scale projects due to many problems in its version updates, inconsistency errors, etc.
Despite all these problems, React Native is a good choice as it has a powerful development team behind it: a team inside Facebook. This provides a long-term support and development guarantee. In addition, revisions of React Native are made every month, correcting errors or providing new features and improvements.
Framework 7 is not one of the best known, but it has the advantage that it is completely independent and therefore has no external dependencies on frameworks such as Angular or React. In its design section it is similar to Ionic, providing a design adjusted to the design standards of Android and iOS depending on the platform on which it runs.